Makeover Monday 2021: Week 27

What would be the results of the 2020 United States presidential election if only certain demographics voted?

Biden for president 2020
  • Joe Biden
Trump keep America great 2020
  • Donald Trump

The 2020 United States presidential election occurred during several major events happening around the world and here in the United States, including the COVID-19 pandemic and civil unrests in response to police murders.

More than 158 million voters participated in what would be an election with the highest voter turnout since 1900, and Biden, the winner of the election, received more than 81 million votes, the most votes ever in a U.S. presidential election up to that point.

Because of the Electoral Collage-based system, this was an uncomfortably close contest, but with Trump out of the office, let's now imagine what the results would've been if only some of the demographics voted.

Annual income

In 2019, the median annual income in the United States was $35,977 (source), and looking at the result, we can see that Trump was popular with voters whose income is above this threshold.

This might be a somewhat surprising result, as one might assume that a higher salary correlates with higher education levels and living in urban areas, which do indicate a higher tendency to vote for democratic candidates, but do keep in mind that people who make a lot of money love their tax breaks, which republicans and moderate democrats are happy to provide.


$75,000 - $99,999

$50,000 - $74,999

$25,000 - $49,999

Under $25,000

Highest education level

Education is a pretty good indicator of voting patterns, not much more to add here..


College graduates

Some college

High school or less

Age of voters

By far the strongest indicators of how a person would vote are their age and where they live (see below). This is somewhat correlated with education (Educational attainment in the United States) and income, but generally speaking younger people are not only more educated than past generations, they tend to be less ignorant and more informed on social issues.








Small town


Religion and politics

Age also ties with religion (, so it's not surprising to see that religion follows the same pattern.




Gender and race

No comment on this one.



White people

Marital status

Unfortunately there isn't enough data to draw any conclusions here.



Voting patterns

Did not vote in 2016

Early voters

Voted on the day of the election